Coffee belt, what is it?
In response to this question, I will help with the infographics I created for this purpose. Let’s get started!
Coffee is currently one of the five most important raw materials on our planet. It is the most popular stimulant in the world and achieves the highest turnover on the market, just after crude oil. Many people can not imagine a day without even one cup of black drink.
Probably every coffee lover knows coffee species – a mild, aromatic and appreciated Arabica and slightly worse quality Robusta, which is characterized by bitterness and high caffeine content. Perhaps some associate another third type of coffee, Liberika, but this is not an article 🙂
Let me start with a few basic information that has already been able to scroll on the blog. Where does the coffee grow and how it arises? Not many people are aware of where the coffee comes from, which we buy in stores or straight from the smoking room and whether there is any difference between them. Many consumers consider Italy to be the capital of the best coffee. But is it really so?
Coffee grows on coffee trees, which are grown in over 60 countries around the world, between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. The belt between the tropics is called coffee belt (bean belt or coffee belt) and includes Asia, Africa and South and North America, ie coffee and cocoa producers. The coffee belt is usually characterized by moderate weather, sun and rain, as well as constant temperature and rich, fertile soil. These are ideal conditions for the cultivation of coffee, which is the main export product of most countries involved in its production. It is necessary to realize that even the smallest climate change can have a huge impact on the quality and quantity of grain produced, and thus also on the price of the final product – baked coffee in beans, which can be purchased in the store.
The coffee market is a huge machine that gives work to around 25 million people around the world! The main producers of coffee are Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Guatemala, as well as the little-known Cote d’Ivoire. Cultivation of coffee should not be the easiest, because in practice it is impossible to fully automate the entire production process. The coffee tree, especially Arabica, which requires hard work related to the cultivation itself, harvesting, as well as subsequent grain processing, are exposed to many diseases, and every change in weather affects its yield.
As you can see, Brazil is the leader among coffee producers, and it has as much as 1/3 of the entire market, followed by Vietnam, Colombia and Indonesia.
What distinguishes Brazilian coffee? First of all, pleasant sweetness, low acidity or lack of it, and the aromas of nuts and chocolate dominant in taste, which are due to the climate there and to the soil. In supermarkets, we can buy pre-packaged coffees from, for example, Brazil, but is there really high quality grain in such packaging? I dare doubt 🙂 The second issue is the lack of coffee date, is it fresh if most manufacturers give up to 2 years of shelf life? You have to answer this question yourself;)
Returning to world coffees …
Why not try specialties from individual countries? Just before the next purchase of coffee, think about whether it is worth buying coffee from the market where you do not know what exactly is located, where the seed comes from and when it was roasted, or maybe a better idea would be to choose coffee from a simple smoking room that specializes in importing and burning grains from individual countries?
Once you try freshly roasted coffee, you will never want to buy the one from the market.
You will fall in love with this wonderful aroma and taste, I guarantee 🙂